Diabetes mellitus is a very complex disease that can produce a wide array of diabetes complications. Most of the diabetes complications are known to be very serious and are often fatal if left untreated.
This is the very reason why it is very important for diabetic patients to seek immediate medical treatment as soon as the disease is diagnosed.
For those interested, here are some of the most common diabetes complications that are associated with diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes Complications: Stroke and Heart Disease
Patients who have diabetes are very susceptible to stroke and other kinds of heart disease.
Diabetic patients usually have very high levels of triglycerides which is one of the main triggers of stroke.
High blood glucose concentrations in the blood can lead to increased viscosity which can bring about high blood pressure.
In a way, diabetes is also considered as a risk factor to stroke and heart diseases.
Diabetes Complications: Bladder Control Problems
These kinds of diabetes complications occur most commonly among female patients.
Urinary incontinence is characterized by the uncontrolled leakage of urine.
This kind of complication has a very big impact in the quality of life of diabetic patients.
Bladder control problems in diabetes mellitus are caused by a condition known as polyuria or the excessive production of urine. This embarrassing complication can lead to increased stress levels and limited physical activity.
Although there are available bladder control medications out in the market, most of these products are often very costly and inaccessible for many.
Diabetes Complications: Diabetic Retinopathy
The extremely high amounts of glucose in the blood for prolonged periods of time can slowly damage organs in the body, including the eyes.
Diabetic retinopathy is generally characterized by the damage to the retina which can eventually lead to blindness. This kind of diabetes complication commonly occurs in patients who have had the disease for 10 years or more.
Because of the slow onset of the complication, diabetic retinopathy is easily preventable. Diabetes complications like diabetic retinopathy need regular monitoring and prompt treatment.
Diabetes Complications: Nerve Damage
Nerve damage caused by diabetes mellitus is also known as diabetic neuropathies. This complication is actually a series of never disorders that can occur in various parts of the body.
Common symptoms of these kinds of diabetes complications include numbness, loss of feeling in the upper and lower extremities and painful and tingling sensations in various parts of the body.
Studies have revealed that 60-70% of diabetic patients have certain forms of diabetic neuropathies.
Patients who have had the disease for longer periods of time often have the most serious cases of never damage.
The best way to prevent diabetes complications such as diabetic neuropathy is to simply control the blood glucose sugar concentration in the body.
Diabetes Complications: Erectile Dysfunction
Erectile dysfunction is the inability to produce or maintain an erection a
nd is one of the more common diabetes complications in men.
Diabetes can impair the flow of blood to the blood vessels resulting to erectile dysfunction.
The best way to avoid diabetes complications is to treat diabetes as soon as it is diagnosed.
Apart from that, shifting to a healthier lifestyle after diagnosis can also help avoid diabetes complications as well.