Dangerous Effects of Diabetes
Diabetes is a kind of metabolic disease that is either caused by the insufficient production of insulin in the system or by the inability of the cells to take in the insulin produced by the body (effects of diabetes).
As a metabolic disease, the effects of diabetes can be manifested all throughout the different organ systems, making it a very dangerous and fatal condition if left undiagnosed or untreated. Below are the dangerous effects of diabetes.
Effects of Diabetes in the Cardiovascular System
Those who have diabetes are also very prone to heart diseases and stroke. This is primarily because of the accumulated amounts of glucose that is stored up in the blood.
High glucose increases the viscosity of the blood, which can in turn produce very high blood pressures. Aside from that, diabetes can also lead to high amounts of blood cholesterol.
Cholesterol can accumulate at the linings of the blood vessels, blocking the flow of the fluid entirely and cutting off oxygen and nutrient supply to various tissues and organs in the body.
Over time, these accumulated amounts of cholesterol can also damage the blood vessels. These effects of diabetes can lead to heart attack and even death.
Effects of Diabetes in the Nervous System
Diabetic patients are also very prone to never damage, a condition called diabetic neuropathy.
The extent of nerve damage can vary from one patient to another and this can occur in various parts of the body. However, these effects of diabetes start out commonly as a pain, numbness or tingling sensations in the upper and lower extremities of the body.
This is a very common complication in diabetic patients. Studies have revealed that 60-70% of all diabetic patients have some form of diabetic neuropathy. Although dangerous, this kind of complication can easily be prevented by simply controlling blood glucose concentrations.
Effects of Diabetes in Other Organ Systems
As mentioned before, the effects of diabetes can be exhibited in almost all of the organ systems in the body. The most common complication manifested in male patients is erectile dysfunction.
Erectile dysfunction is the inability to start or maintain an erection. High blood glucose can block or even damage the vessels that supply blood to the penile area, which is necessary for erection to take place.
The most common effects of diabetes in female patients are urinary inconsistency or bladder problems such as polyuria or the excessive production of urine. This kind of complication can have a huge impact on the patient’s lifestyle.
Most of the time, diabetic patients with bladder problems limit their physical activity and interactions with the outside world.
Diabetes can also impair very important senses such as the sense of sight. The disease can lead to a condition called diabetic retinopathy.
Diabetic retinopathy is a condition wherein the retina of the eye is damaged. This condition can eventually lead to total blindness if left untreated. Diabetic retinopathy is highly manageable and there are now plenty of options that diabetic patients can choose from for treatment.
So it is very important to seek medical treatment immediately once you are diagnosed with the condition. The effects of diabetes are indeed very serious if the condition is left untreated.